As far as treatment programs are considered, not many offer the ease and flexibility of a plantar fasciitis treatment program. A mild case of plantar fasciitis can be treated using the time-tested RICE formula. For those of you that are unfamiliar with this physical therapy acronym, please refer to example below.
Rest– Make sure to take a few days off from your training. If you can, try to limit the time you spend on your feet and get a good night’s sleep each night.
Ice– When you’re sitting on the couch or in bed, hold an ice pack or a plastic sandwich bag full of ice against the affected area.
Compression– If possible, use athletic tape or an ACE brand bandage and wrap it around both the ice pack and your foot. This will both hold the ice in place and provide support to the sore ligament.
Elevation– Lastly, place your foot on a pillow or some other household item to elevate it a few inches. This will ensure that you don’t put any pressure on the already tender ligament.
After reading that suggested treatment plan, you may actually want a mild case of plantar fasciitis to get out of some of those household chores you’d rather put off for another time. All jokes aside, an untreated case of plantar fasciitis could possibly turn into a long, time-consuming physical therapy program or even surgery.
The more likely scenario, given an unsuccessful home treatment plan and a visit to your doctor, is a recommendation to invest in a quality pair of shoes or shoe inserts designed to give you the support you need to improve your foot mechanics. In the next segment of our three part series on plantar fasciitis, we’ll talk about our five best options for supplement and corrective footwear.
From self-treatment and corrective footwear and orthotics, a continuing or worsening case of plantar fasciitis is generally prescribed a physical therapy program including a variety of stretches focused on increasing the flexibility and strength of the plantar fascia ligament and supporting muscles. In the worst case scenario, a patient with severe foot arch and heel pain due to plantar fasciitis will consult an orthopedic surgeon and most likely undergo a procedure known as a “plantar fascia release” to sever a portion of the inflamed ligament and enable a more fluid and comfortable movement of the foot.